Structure of the essay
1. Title page.
At this stage it is very important to correctly formulate the question to which
you are going to find the answer in the course of your research.
When working on the introduction, the answers to the following questions can help: “Do I need to define the terms in the topic of the essay?”, “Why is the topic that I open now important for the moment?”, “What concepts will be involved in my arguments on topic? ”,“ Can I divide the topic into several smaller sub-topics? ”. For example, when working on the topic “The economy of Russia since the time of Peter I: traditional or command”, the following question can be formulated as a sub-topic: “What signs were characteristic of the economy of that period?”.
3. The main
part – the theoretical basis of the selected problem and the presentation of
the main issue. This part assumes the development of argumentation and
analysis, as well as their substantiation, based on the available data, other
arguments and positions on this issue. This is the main content of the essay
and this is the main difficulty. Therefore, subtitles are important, on the
basis of which the structuring of argumentation is carried out; it is here that
it is necessary to substantiate (logically, using data or rigorous reasoning)
the proposed argument / analysis. Where necessary, graphs, charts and tables
can be used as an analytical tool.
Depending on the question posed, the analysis is carried out on the basis of the following categories:
- The reason is the consequence, the general is special, the form is the content, the part is the whole,
- Constancy is variability.
- In the process of constructing an essay, it must be remembered that one paragraph should contain only one statement and the corresponding proof, supported by graphic and illustrative material. Consequently, filling the sections with argumentation (corresponding to subtitles), it is necessary, within a paragraph, to limit oneself to the consideration of one main idea.
4. Conclusion – generalizations and reasoned conclusions on the topic, indicating the scope of its application, etc. Summarizes the essay or once again makes explanations, reinforces the meaning and value of the above in the main part. Recommended methods for drawing a conclusion: repetition, illustration, quotation, impressive statement. The conclusion may contain such a very important, complementary essay element, as an indication of the application (implication) of the study, not excluding the relationship with other problems.